Electricity produced by generators is supplied to consumers through electrical power system facilities. During the
process, transmission efficiency is very important as it is directly related to the economic feasibility.
In order to increase the transmission efficiency, the voltage of the electric power produced by the generators is
stepped up to the transmission level. During the transmission process, the voltage of the electric power is stepped
down to the distribution level and finally supplied to the electricity consumers.
Such voltage step-up and step-down processes are performed through power transformers. Thus, a power transformer is an important facility that greatly affects the efficiency and the stability of the power transmission. In addition, power transformers are very expensive facilities requiring a considerable amount of cost and time to repair critical failures. Therefore, power transformers require protection functions with high speed and excellent reliability.
Since a power transformer in the normal condition provides the same capacity at both primary and secondary sides, the current ratio differential protection based on this principle is used as the main protection. The overcurrent function is used as the backup protection for the primary and secondary sides of the transformer, respectively. When a Neutral Grounding Reactor (NGR) is applied to the secondary side of a transformer to limit the external ground fault current, zero-sequence overvoltage protection function is applied to protect the NGR.
|Rated||Input power||DC 90~140V[V],60Hz||DC 125V(90~140V)||DC 125V(90~140V)|
|Digital output||DC 70~150[V] : 24 points||24 points||36 points|
|Digital input||10[A]:250VAC : 28 points||28 points||20 points|
|Communication||Communication port||RS-232, Ethernet, Fiber Optic||100Base-FX, 100Base-T, Twisted-pair||100Base-T, USB B-Type, Twisted-pair|
|Protocol||IEC61850, TCP/IP||IEC61850, TCP/IP||TCP/IP|
|Time sync.||IRIG-B 120, SNTP||IRIG-B 120, SNTP||IRIG-B 120|